Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are commonly called sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). They are infections that you get from another person through sexual contact.

Bacteria and viruses that grow in warm, moist places in the body cause STDs. They are passed from one person to another through sex. Infections can spread from the penis, vagina, mouth or anus. These infections can be minor or they can be very painful, even life threatening.

How do sexually transmitted infections spread?

STIs are spread by fluids in the body. They are most often shared during vaginal, oral or anal sex. Some STDs pass from one person to another through infected blood. STDs are not spread through casual contact such as shaking hands with someone, sharing somebody’s clothes or sharing a toilet seat.

Who is at risk of sexually transmitted diseases?

Teenagers and young adults have the highest risk however, anyone can get a STD.

Symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases in men

Often, STDs present no symptoms at all. However, men may experience the following symptoms:

  • A drip or discharge from the penis
  • Burning or itching in the penis
  • Pain around pelvis
  • Sores, bumps or blisters on penis, anus, or mouth
  • Burning and pain with urine or with bowel movements
  • Having to go to the bathroom often

Your healthcare professional can diagnose any STIs. They will ask personal questions about your sex history. It is important to be honest so you can get help. They may take a sample of fluid from the penis, or a blood test to confirm the problem. Laboratory tests can show what, if any, bacterial or viral STIs are present.

  • A urine sample can show if you have a bacteria in your urine from an STI.
  • Blood tests can show if you have a disease that infects the blood.
  • Fluid samples can show if you have active sores and help diagnose the type of infection.

For more information please contact us to book a consultation.